According to the American Foundation for Vision Awareness, a simple vision screening only identifies 5% of vision problems in children. While these vision screenings are useful for offering an early indication of problems relating to distance eyesight, they miss other critical vision deficiencies that can impact a child’s eye health, development, and school performance. However, a comprehensive eye examination by an Optometrist measures a number of visual skills that are critical to a child’s healthy vision, such as:

  • using both eyes as a team
  • the ability of the eyes to focus properly when reading a book, or viewing a computer
  • the ability of the eyes to move properly when reading across a page of print.


Children often do not recognize that they have a vision problem because they have “always seen this way,” or the changes that are occurring in their vision have been so gradual that they don’t even perceive that there has been a change. Following is a list of signs that may indicate that your child has vision difficulties:

  1. Squinting, closing or covering one eye
  2. Holding a book close to the face
  3. Losing his/her place while reading
  4. Complaints of headaches, nausea and dizziness
  5. Excessive clumsiness
  6. Turning or tilting the head to one side
  7. Frequent daydreaming
  8. Using a finger as a place marker while reading
  9. Performing below potential
  10. Rubbing eyes repeatedly

Even if your child does not display any of these symptoms, he/she may still have a vision problem.